What is Jainism: Exploring the Principles and Practices of the Jain Religion

Discover the profound principles of Jainism and its practices. Learn about non-violence, karma, moksha, and the Five Great Vows. Find answers to FAQs about Jainism and understand its rich history and spiritual teachings.

7/2/20233 min read

What is Jainism: Exploring the Principles and Practices of the Jain Religion


Jainism is an ancient religion that originated in India and is characterized by its emphasis on non-violence, truth, non-attachment, and compassion. With a rich history and profound spiritual teachings, Jainism offers a unique perspective on life, morality, and the pursuit of spiritual liberation. In this article, we will delve into the essence of Jainism, exploring its core beliefs, principles, rituals, and the impact it has on the lives of its followers.

Origins and History

Jainism traces its roots back thousands of years to ancient India. It is believed to have been founded by Rishabhanatha, also known as Lord Adinatha, who is considered the first Tirthankara (enlightened being). However, it was Lord Mahavira, the 24th and last Tirthankara, who further developed and consolidated the teachings of Jainism around the 6th century BCE.

Core Beliefs and Principles

Ahimsa: Non-Violence

Ahimsa, or non-violence, lies at the heart of Jain philosophy. Jains believe in the sanctity of all life forms and practice extreme compassion and non-violence towards all living beings. This principle extends not only to physical harm but also to harm caused by thoughts, words, and actions.

Karma and Reincarnation

Jains believe in the concept of karma, which is the accumulation of the consequences of one's thoughts, words, and deeds. Karma influences the cycle of birth, death, and rebirth. By practicing virtuous actions and cultivating a pure mind, Jains seek to accumulate positive karma and ultimately liberate themselves from the cycle of reincarnation.

Spiritual Liberation: Moksha

The ultimate goal of Jainism is to attain moksha, which refers to the liberation of the soul from the cycle of birth and death. Through rigorous spiritual practice, self-discipline, and the eradication of karma, Jains seek to achieve a state of pure consciousness and eternal bliss.

Five Vows

Jains adhere to a set of ethical principles known as the Five Great Vows (Mahavratas). These vows are:

  1. Ahimsa: Non-violence

  2. Satya: Truthfulness

  3. Asteya: Non-stealing

  4. Brahmacharya: Chastity or celibacy

  5. Aparigraha: Non-possessiveness or non-attachment

Practices and Rituals

Meditation and Prayer

Meditation plays a crucial role in Jain practice, enabling individuals to calm their minds, develop inner peace, and cultivate spiritual awareness. Jains also engage in prayer as a means of expressing devotion and seeking spiritual guidance.

Fasting and Austerities

Fasting is an integral part of Jain spiritual practice. Jains observe various forms of fasting, including complete fasting, partial fasting, and avoiding specific foods. Austerities such as limiting material possessions and practicing self-control are also undertaken to purify the mind and body.

Pilgrimages and Temple Worship

Jains hold great reverence for sacred places and undertake pilgrimages to significant Jain temples and holy sites. These pilgrimages provide an opportunity for spiritual growth, reflection, and seeking blessings from revered Jain deities and Tirthankaras.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

  1. Are Jains vegetarians?

    • Yes, Jains practice strict vegetarianism as part of their commitment to non-violence and respect for all living beings.

  2. How is Jainism different from Hinduism and Buddhism?

    • Jainism shares some common philosophical principles with Hinduism and Buddhism, such as karma and reincarnation. However, Jainism places a strong emphasis on non-violence and non-attachment, distinguishing it from other religions.

  3. Do Jains worship idols?

    • Jains do not worship idols in the conventional sense. They worship the qualities and virtues represented by the idols as a means of inspiring and connecting with their spiritual ideals.

  4. Can Jains marry outside their religion?

    • Jainism allows interfaith marriages, although some Jains may prefer to marry within their community to preserve their religious and cultural traditions.

  5. Are Jains involved in charitable activities?

    • Yes, Jains actively participate in charitable activities, including supporting educational institutions, healthcare facilities, and providing aid to those in need.


Jainism is a profound and ancient religion that promotes non-violence, truth, compassion, and spiritual liberation. With its emphasis on karma, non-attachment, and rigorous ethical practices, Jainism offers a transformative path towards self-realization and enlightenment. By embracing the principles and practices of Jainism, followers strive to lead a life of righteousness, peace, and harmony with all living beings.